[Avodah] Waiting Six Hours for Dairy- A Rabbanite Response to Qaraism
Prof. Levine via Avodah
avodah at lists.aishdas.org
Wed Aug 12 06:19:18 PDT 2015
Qaraites are a Jewish group that began around 760 CE. They rejected
the Talmud and rabbinic Judaism and insisted that Jews only observe
halacha as expressed in the literal text of the Torah. "Qaraite"
means "Scriptualist". The movement started in Iraq and Persia by Jews
who objected to the authority of the leaders of the Babylonian Talmud
Academies, the Gaonim. The Gaonim and their successors, the rishonim,
are called Rabbanites because of their stance in defending the Talmud
and rabbinic laws.
Scholars have noted that many minhagim began as a response to the
Qaraite movement. For example, the recital of Bameh Madlikim on
Friday evening after davening  was started in the times of the
Gaonim to reinforce the rabbinic stance on having fire prepared
before Shabbos, in opposition to the Qaraite view that no fire may be
present in one's home on Shabbos . There is evidence that the
reading of Pirkei Avos  on Shabbos afternoon, which began in
Gaonic times, was to emphasize to the Jewish masses that the Oral Law
was passed down since Moshe Rabbeinu as stated in the first mishna of
Professor Haym Soloveitchik  has argued convincingly that the
unique arrangement of Hilchos Shabbos in Rambam's Mishna Torah was
organized specifically with anti-Qaraite intent. Briefly, Rambam's
formulation of the Shabbos laws does not follow a chronological order
or any other expected logical order.
See the above URL for more. YL
llevine at stevens.edu
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