[Avodah] Shimon haTzaddik and Alexander the Macedonian

Micha Berger via Avodah avodah at lists.aishdas.org
Thu Jul 23 06:35:09 PDT 2015

The story of Shim'on haTzaddiq, in the office of kohein gadol, meeting
Alexander the Great, as told in Yuma 69a, is pretty well known.

Josephus told the story earlier, in Antiquities 11:8.

The Daily Mail recently covered what appears to be another retelling

    Mosaic of Alexander the Great meeting a Jewish priest is the first
    ever non-biblical scene to be discovered inside a synagogue

    - Artwork was uncovered in a fifth-century synagogue in Huqoq, Israel
    - May depict Alexander the Great, based on the presence of elephants
    - Scene is the first non-biblical story to be found in an ancient
    - Depictions of Biblical hero Samson are also part of the decorative

    By Sarah Griffiths for MailOnline
    Published: 03:43 EST, 15 July 2015 | Updated: 07:21 EST, 15 July 2015

    The artwork was uncovered in the east aisle of a fifth-century
    synagogue in the ancient Jewish village of Huqoq.
    The largest top strip contains the scene showing a meeting between
    two men, who perhaps represent the legendary warrior and a Jewish
    high priest.

    In the scene, a bearded soldier wearing battle dress and a purple
    cloak leads a bull by the horns, followed by other soldiers and
    elephants with shields tied to their sides.

    He is meeting with a grey-haired, bearded elderly man wearing a
    ceremonial white tunic and mantle, accompanied by young men with
    sheathed swords, also in ceremonial clothes.

Southern Galil, 5th cent CE. Within a generation of the compilation of
Mes Yuma.


Micha Berger             Zion will be redeemed through justice,
micha at aishdas.org        and her returnees, through righteousness.
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